Kalinka, 14, died in 1982 after she was injected with a toxic substance.
Cardiologist Dieter Krombach was accused of killing the teen in an attempt to rape her.
In 1995, Krombach was sentenced to 15 years in jail for "deliberate violence leading to death without the intention of killing." In another case in 1997, Krombach was convicted of raping a female patient. Krombach was not present in the trial, because under french law in absentia cases are always retried if the defendant is arrested.
Krombach remained a fugitive until last week, when he appeared bound, gagged and with head injuries outside a French courtroom. Police are now accusing Kalinka's father, Andre Bamberski, 72, of abducting Krombach.