“The Hell House phenomenon is yet another example of the dangerous and extreme tactics used by the religious right to indoctrinate youth with lies and misinformation about lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender people. Church leaders who sponsor Hell Houses should be ashamed of contributing to the climate of anti-gay harassment and violence that mercilessly threatens the safety and well-being of LGBT youth on a daily basis.” — Matt Foreman, Executive Director, National Gay and Lesbian Task Force
WASHINGTON, Oct. 30 — In a report released Oct. 27 titled Homophobia at ‘Hell House’: Literally Demonizing Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Youth, the National Gay and Lesbian Task Force Policy Institute estimates that this Halloween season, 1.6 million people, many of them children as young as 10 years old, will go to “Hell Houses,” religious alternatives to traditional haunted houses that are designed to scare youth into a “sin-free life.” Instead of spooking youth with ghosts and monsters, Hell House tour guides direct them through rooms where violent scenes of damnation for a variety of “sins” are performed, including scenes where a teenage lesbian is brought to hell after committing suicide and a gay man dying of AIDS is taunted by a demon who screams that the man will be separated from God forever in hell.
“The Hell House phenomenon is yet another example of the dangerous and extreme tactics used by the religious right to indoctrinate youth with lies and misinformation about lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender people,” said Matt Foreman, executive director of the National Gay and Lesbian Task Force. “Church leaders who sponsor Hell Houses should be ashamed of contributing to the climate of anti-gay harassment and violence that mercilessly threatens the safety and well-being of LGBT youth on a daily basis.”
Through summarizing the latest research on the epidemic of harassment and violence that threatens lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) youth, the report reveals how Hell House scenes that expose impressionable youth to the literal demonization of their lesbian and gay peers contribute to this problem. The report also focuses on the impact Hell Houses have on Christian youth who may be struggling with their sexual orientation or gender identity.
“One of the most disturbing aspects of the Hell House phenomenon is how it reinforces a key finding of a study published in the Journal of Psychology, namely that a strong belief in Satan is directly related to intolerance of gay men and lesbians,” said Sarah Kennedy, Vaid Fellow at the Task Force Policy Institute and co-author of the report. “No wonder a recent national survey of LGBT youth conducted by the Gay, Lesbian & Straight Education Network found that more than 80 percent experienced verbal harassment and 43 percent experienced physical harassment or violence over the past year.”
The religious leaders who support Hell Houses believe that by scaring youth into “good” behavior they are saving their souls. However, the report includes examples of the tragic impact of the message that “homosexuals” are going to hell can have on youth, including the story of Bobby Griffith, a gay teen who wrote in his journal that he was afraid he was going to hell and who eventually committed suicide. Research cited in the report indicates that higher rates of suicide among gay and lesbian youth can be attributed in part to anti-LGBT messages that make them feel that something is fundamentally wrong with who they are.
Hell Houses first appeared in the 1970s at the Rev. Jerry Falwell’s Liberty University, and they have been gaining popularity since 1996, when the Rev. Keenan Roberts, an evangelical Christian pastor in Colorado, began selling “Hell House kits” to churches worldwide. Roberts estimates that these kits, which cost $299 each, have been distributed to 800 churches across the United States and 18 countries. Some churches report that their Hell Houses receive up to 12,000 visitors per year and are run by casts and crews of 300 student volunteers.
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