November 19, 2015

Coalition offers judge six variations for Miami and Tampa in new Senate maps

Leon County Circuit Court Judge George Reynolds was handed seven options for drawing the Senate maps on Wednesday, giving him the opportunity to be the “seamstress” he suggested might be needed to stitch together various pieces of the proposals.

Six of the proposed maps come from challengers to the lawsuit, a coalition of voters and voting groups led by the League of Women Voters. Each of their proposals is a modification of what they presented to Florida Senate during the special redistricting session that ended two weeks ago but the variations offer the judge a menu of options to two district areas: Miami Dade County and Tampa Bay.

The variations between the maps boil down to whether they create a fourth Hispanic district in Miami Dade County, or leave it at three, and whether they cross Tampa Bay to create an African American-majority district in Hillsborough.

Three of the coalition maps create a fourth Hispanic-majority districts in Miami Dade County while three create only three Hispanic-majority seats. Three of the maps cross Tampa Bay to create the black-majority seat while three do not.  Download 2015 11-18 Plfs' Not-Service of Remedial Senate Plans

Reynolds has the job of trying to sort them out during a five-day trial Dec. 14-18. He said in an emergency hearing last week that he might consider putting together pieces of different maps like “a good seamstress.”  

The House refrained from offering a map, relying on what it told the court last week --  that it would defer to the Senate to draw a map that rearranges the Senate’s political boundaries.

By contrast, the Senate leaders, upon the advice its attorneys, decided to create a new configuration, piecing together pieces of two different maps drawn by staff, including the bulk of one that was adopted by the full Senate.

But Senate leaders rejected the configuration for Miami that was voted upon by the Senate on a 22-18 vote, and instead chose a different version that was drawn by the staff as base map 9080. More here on that.

Here's how the coalition options break down:

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November 18, 2015

Senate submits to court a new redistricting map, rejecting plan that passed full Senate

S9078 S9080The Florida Senate offered the court yet another proposal for redistricting South Florida on Wednesday, submitting a configuration that merges pieces of a map approved by the full Senate with one that never got a vote.

The new configuration, chosen by Senate President Andy Gardiner upon the advice Senate attorneys, pieces together two different maps drawn by staff: S9090 (formerly S9078) -- the bulk of which was adopted by the full Senate, and S9080, a configuration that was rejected by three Miami senators and never came to a vote.

Gardiner rejected the configuration for Miami adopted drawn by Sen. Miguel Diaz de la Portilla that was voted upon by the Senate on a 22-18 vote, and instead choose a different version that was drawn by the staff.

Under the plan submitted to Leon County Circuit Court Judge George Reynolds, Sen. Anitere Flores, R-Miami, is drawn into the same district as Sen. Dwight Bullard, D-Cutler Bay, likely forcing her to move from her West Kendall home. Sen. Gwen Margolis, D-Coconut Grove, is put into the same district as Diaz de la Portilla, R-Coral Gables.

The map stretches the African-American majority seat in held by Sen. Oscar Braynon, D-Miami Lakes, to Broward, including the cities of Cooper City, Davie, and Southwest Ranches. And in Palm Beach County, Democratic Sens. Maria Sachs of Delray Beach, and Joe Abruzzo of Boynton Beach are drawn into the same district. In all other parts of the state, the maps carefully avoids pitting incumbent senators against each other. 

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November 13, 2015

Judge rejects Senate request to hire redistricting expert, orders trial to proceed

Judge ReynoldsLeon County Circuit Court Judge George Reynolds rejected a request by the Florida Senate to have the court hire a redistricting expert to redraw the Senate maps, saying "we just don't have enough time left" to hire a newcomer and get the boundaries set in time for the 2016 election.

The quick decision after a 30-minute hearing Friday was a blow to the Florida Senate, whose lawyers argued  that by hiring an expert to draw the maps instead of relying on the Legislature or challengers, they could "streamline this litigation and reduce the burden to the parties and Florida’s taxpayers."

"It appears to me we just don't have enough time left to engage in any process, other than the one we are currently on,'' Reynolds said in denying the Senate request. "I do that with some reluctance because I could use all the help that I can get in making this decision.''

He ordered the five-day trial to proceed on Dec. 14-18 and said proposed maps must be submitted to court by next Wednesday. 

If the court had agreed to hire one of the three university professors recommended by the Senate, it would have given the Senate a tactical victory in the bitterly-fought redistricting fight.

Although there were only slight differences between the House and Senate over the final proposed maps, they were significantly different from those offered by the plaintiffs.

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November 12, 2015

Senate asks court to hire redistricting expert to draw map, challengers disagree

Senate map

After months of feuding, the Florida House and Senate reached a redistricting truce on Thursday and asked the court to hire an expert to draw a new map revising the state Senate boundaries instead of conducting a five-day trial next month.

"The appointment of a consultant would streamline this litigation and reduce the burden to the parties and Florida’s taxpayers by eliminating the need for costly discovery and a five-day evidentiary hearing,'' wrote the Senate lawyers to Leon County Circuit Court Judge George Reynolds. "It would also eliminate any suspicion that the adopted map was laden with improper intent."  Download Case No. 2012-CA-2842_Senate's Motion for Appointment of a Court-Appointed Consultant to Draw Senate Map (1)

Reynolds had asked the parties to submit a scheduling plan for the Senate redistricting trial by Thursday. But after receiving the call for an expert, Reynolds issued an order saying the trial would move ahead as scheduled, with maps submitted by next Wednesday. There was no mention of what he will do with the Senate's request.  Download Amended Order (1) (1)

The lawyers for the challengers, a coalition led by the League of Women Voters and Common Cause of Florida, were not happy with the Senate's request. They have drawn three proposed Senate maps and expect to present them in court, along with the Legislature's alternatives.

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November 11, 2015

Question now for court: Did Legislature intend to favor GOP in Miami on congressional map?

ParienteThe three-year battle over Florida’s congressional boundaries moved to the state’s highest court Tuesday where lawyers for the Legislature tried to get a trial court map declared unconstitutional but instead found themselves defending the way lawmakers handled two Hispanic districts in Miami-Dade County.

Supreme Court Justice Barbara Pariente, who authored the landmark ruling in July that invalidated Florida’s 27 congressional districts, grilled the attorney for the Florida House for “jumping over” portions of the ruling “as if it didn’t exist.”

“The reason that it was to be redrawn was it was drawn to favor the Republican Party,” Pariente told George Meros, the lawyer for the House.

But when the House redrew Districts 26 and 27 in Miami, “it was redrawn to favor Republicans even more than the original,” she said. “I’m having trouble with the House’s position here.”

Meros countered: “There is no evidence in the record… that these map drawers drew that configuration in order to improve Republican performance,” he said. “They had no idea.”

The Legislature’s handling of Miami districts is at the heart of the dispute over whether the court will accept or reject the map drawn by the challengers, a coalition of Democrat-leaning voters as well as the League of Women Voters and Common Cause of Florida. Story here. 

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November 10, 2015

Frederica Wilson: Proposed congressional district creates a 'fence of apartheid'

Brown and WilsonFor two years, U.S. Rep. Frederica Wilson represented Miami Dade communities that earned the dubious distinction of being considered "the most suffering congressional district in America" by the Gallup-Healthway's annual "Well Being Index".

That changed in 2012, when Florida legislators redrew her African-American majority district to include the Port of Miami, the Freedom Tower, Bayside Marketplace, American Airlines Arena, the FBI regional building, Watson Island, Jungle Island, Bayfront Park and the downtown financial district.

Wilson calls them the "economic engines" of her district and they not only help generate campaign contributions for her re-election bids, they help her link jobs to the underprivileged in the poorer regions and helped her district shed the label of the "most suffering district."

But the map that created the new configuration has been invalidated by the court, and a replacement proposal recommended by Circuit Court Judge Terry Lewis would reverse the progress Wilson says she has made trying to link the two communities and represent them as one.

"They have turned District 24 into the most suffering district again,'' said Wilson, who arrived in Tallahassee Tuesday to hear listen to the arguments on the map before the Florida Supreme Court. "It makes it impossible for me to champion these jobs."

She said she will join U.S. Rep. Corrine Brown, D-Jacksonville, and file a lawsuit after the court approves a map, she said. Both of them attended the hearing on Tuesday before the court. 

The map, drawn by a redistricting expert for the League of Women Voters and Common Cause of Florida, leaves most of the districts in North and Central Florida in the configuration approved by legislators but changes Miami Dade's districts, including Wilson's District 24, by moving black voters into Curbelo's District 26 and removing the areas Wilson considers her district's "economic engines."

"When you’re the congresswoman in a district a lot of things rely on that -- not only contributions to help you get elected but internships for the people you can set up so that they can get jobs here,'' she said. "I want to know why they would try to pack all the black people together? If you have no economic engines in your district all you can do is fight and fight and fight and you never win."

Wilson, who was in the state Senate when the previous district was drawn in 2002, said she considers this a throwback to the pre-Civil Rights era.

"It’s almost like, take the black people put them behind a fence of apartheid and let them manage because that where they belong,'' she said. "I lived through the Civil Rights Movement,'' she said. "I know what it is to be discriminated against and this reeks of it."

 Photo: U.S. Reps. Corrine Brown and Frederica Wilson outside the Florida Supreme Court on Tuesday

Who is manipulating the redistricting process? Both sides take aim

Screen shot 2015-10-30 at 3.10.52 PMWho is to blame for the latest legislative impasse over redistricting?

The finger-pointing began quickly last week as Florida lawmakers adjourned their second special session on redistricting and faced the prospect of another court-ordered map.

Lawmakers blamed the Fair Districts amendments to the state constitution as impossible to follow, and House and Senate leaders lashed out at the challengers — a coalition of Democrat-leaning individuals and voter groups led by the League of Women Voters and Common Cause of Florida — for manipulating the process. This week, the challengers lashed back.

“I don’t believe the plaintiffs want to see a legislatively approved map,” said Rep. Jose Oliva, R-Miami Lakes, chairman of the House Select Committee on Redistricting after the House passed its proposed map. “They’re not an honest player in this process.”

Florida lawmakers called the self-imposed special session after ending the lawsuit by the challengers and admitting that the 2012 Senate redistricting maps violated the anti-gerrymandering provisions of the state constitution because they were drawn with partisan political intent.

But when the challengers submitted maps the evening before a vote in the full House or Senate, lawmakers could not consider them, Oliva said. He called it “gamesmanship” that used “the legislative process of the people to manipulate the judicial process of the people.”

David King, the lead lawyer for the coalition, said Monday that it was the Legislature that was manipulating the process.

“The coalition does not consider redistricting a game,” he said in a statement. “It is a very serious effort to ensure that voters can fairly choose their representatives and to stop legislators from rigging districts to favor themselves and their political parties.”

More here.

November 09, 2015

Court to decide which map is 'just right' in congressional redistricting hearing Tuesday

GoldilocksThe Florida Supreme Court is Goldilocks in the redistricting saga that comes before it on Tuesday as lawyers for the House, the Senate and a coalition of voters groups try to persuade the panel in robes that their map is "just right" for the 2016 elections.

They all want the Baby Bear treatment.

The House, which took the Papa Bear approach and adopted a map drawn by staff following rigid rules and no exceptions, will try to say that its map is best. The Senate, which welcomed the input of its members like a more lenient Mama Bear, will say one of its two maps is best. And the junior player in the group -- the coalition of Democrat-leaning voters as well as the League of Women Voters and Common Cause -- wants the court to follow the lead of the lower court and pick its map which blended the maps from lawmakers with a new configuration in South Florida.

Leon County Circuit Court Judge Terry Lewis's Oct. 9 ruling adopted the bulk of the House and Senate maps in the northern and central portions of the state but rejected the proposed boundaries for District 26 in Miami-Dade County, now held by Republican Congressman Carlos Curbelo, and accepted the configuration drawn by the challengers.

It's uncharted ground for both the court and the parties but the ruling will carry new weight that could influence the outcome of the redistricting trial scheduled for December when the court recommends a state Senate map. It's high stakes for everyone and, unlike Goldilocks, we don't expect the court to be sleeping. 

The map recommended by Lewis throws at least three incumbent congressional candidates in much more competitive districts and Miami Dade, once again is at the heart of the dispute. In addition to Curbelo, the ruling could mean new boundaries for Miami Congresswoman Ileana Ros-Lehtinen and it shuffles the landscape for Congress in the central and northern parts of the state. 

Lewis concluded that he did “not find from the evidence that the staff map drawers had a conscious intent to favor or disfavor a political party or incumbent.” But he said “I remain convinced” the best way to determine if there had been improper partisan intent was to explore the reasons for drawing districts that comply with the other standards, such as geographical compactness.

To that point, he criticized the “very minimalist approach” lawmakers used to rectify the flaws in Miami-Dade’s Districts 26 and 27 as something that “does concern me.”

In its July 9 ruling, the Supreme Court ordered the Legislature to keep the city of Homestead whole, and the Legislature’s solution was to create a district that performed better for Republicans by removing the black communities of Richmond Heights, Palmetto Estates and West Perrine from District 26 into the neighboring District 27, now held by Ros-Lehtinen.

The House and Senate argued that the only way to avoid reducing the ability of Hispanics to elect their own candidate was to leave the district more Republican-leaning as they have proposed. But Lewis rejected that argument, noting that “Hispanics have consistently elected the candidate of their choice” in the region.

He also rejected Florida International University Professor Dario Moreno’s testimony that the district as proposed by the challengers will “lock out” Hispanic voters.

“His testimony was long on pure opinion based on experience and short on systematic, scientific analysis of accepted statistical data,” Lewis wrote.

Meanwhile, we await what the court will do with the Senate maps. A hearing before Judge George Reynolds is scheduled for Tuesday and both sides have accused the other of manipulating the process.

More here.

November 05, 2015

Richard Corcoran: 'the system is broken'; time to consider independent redistricting commission

As the special session on congressional redistrict was imploding in August, Sen. Tom Lee, R-Brandon, a former Senate president, declared: "Bring me something that works." 

Now, after a second special session imploded Thursday and legislators left town without an agreement on a redistricting map to draw state Senate boundaries, incoming House speaker Richard Corcoran and House Redistricting Chairman Jose Oliva are also on board. 

"The system is completely broken and it needs to be fixed and I’m completely open to a commission,’’ Corcoran, R-New Port Richey, told the Herald/Times.

Oliva is skeptical that anyone will be unbiased, said he is also open to the notion.

"I'm for looking into it because I certainly think we need to have maps that aren't disputed into the next census,'' Oliva, R-Miami Lakes, told reporters after the session ended. 

"I'm not as optimistic that those people will be so significantly more impartial than these people,'' he said. 

Sen. Jeff Clemens, D-Lake Worth, who has proposed a bill creating an independent commission to handle the state's redistricting, said he has been approached by several Republicans who are ready to consider taking the job away from legislators.

"The Legislature is incapable of drawing its own maps that don't have political intent,'' he said. "You can't put 40 people together and have them set aside their own personal viewpoints and ambitions to have an unbiased process. It's just simply impossible."

But David King, attorney for the coalition that led the legal challenge, said lawmakers should not blame the Fair Districts amendments, which were approved by 63 percent of the voters in the 2010 election, for their inability to reach an agreement.

"Change is very hard to accept — especially when it requires our elected officials to set aside their own personal interests,’’ he said in a statement. "By blaming the amendments, rather than themselves, they are simply perpetuating their opposition to the will of the people and engaging in the very conduct that Florida voters clearly wanted to eliminate from our state."

Six states have their districts drawn by bipartisan panels or independent commissions, and Ohio has a proposal on its 2015 ballot to create an independent redistricting commission. In Arizona and California, a primary goal of the independent commissions is to create more competitive districts. More from our story on the issue here. 

Sen. Bill Galvano ready to gamble on a vote over Florida House redistricting map

In what may be seen as a Hail Mary pass to see if they can get enough votes to send the courts a Senate redistricting map that has the Legislature’s stamp, the Florida Senate leadership agreed to put the controversial House map up for a vote after exhausting all other options.

The decision was made after the two redistricting chairmen, Sen. Bill Galvano and Rep. Jose Oliva, met in a rare two-person conference committee Thursday afternoon. They had spent the morning reviewing the House map, as well as six new options for revising three Hispanic districts in Miami Dade that believed would draw opposition from Miami's three Hispanic senators. Then, with no discussion, they rejected the options and agreed to support the House plan. 

The Senate then scheduled a 4 p.m. vote on the map, as a full-court press for votes continued behind the scenes.

Senate President Andy Gardiner walked the halls, individually meeting with senators to persuade them to vote for the House bill and avoid another embarrassing meltdown that he told members could lead to the court drawing a second redistricting map. 

"They don't have the votes,'' predicted Sen. Jeff Clemens, D-Lake Worth. "They were caught between a rock and hard place. They needed to alter the map for political purposes and in order to get 21 votes and if they did that then the map becomes unconstitutional."

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